”TigerGlossary of Terms

This document contains definitions for terms that are used throughout the Clemson University (hereinafter, the “University”) Information Security policies and procedures.

Information Security Terms

Acceptable Use An individual’s permitted activities while utilizing IT Resources of the University in accordance with the policies and procedures, and applicable state and federal laws.


Affiliate See Clemson University Human Resources Glossary of Terms.


Chief Information Officer (“CIO”) Senior-level employee with overall responsibility for the University’s IT Resources.


Chief Information Security Officer (“CISO”) Senior-level employee with delegated responsibility for securing the University’s IT Resources.


Clemson Computing and Information Technology (“CCIT”) Department of the University that manages and administers the IT Resources of the Univesity.


Computer Network The means through which Data and Information is transferred between IT Resources and Information Systems. This includes Employee wired/wireless access, guest wired/wireless access, virtual private network (“VPN”), and local network connections.


Computing Device General term that includes computer desktops, laptops, tablets, smartphones, and other specialized IT equipment.


Cyber Security The ability to protect electronic IT Resources that are accessible via internal University networks or the internet.


Cyberspace Virtual computer world (e.g., the Internet) used to facilitate online global communications.


Compensating Control Mechanism put in place to satisfy a security measure that may be impractical to implement for a system or process.


Department Operating unit of the University, which include colleges, schools, research, business, or service centers.


Data Individual facts, statistics, or source information stored for reference or analysis.


Data Trustee Executive leaders responsible for Data policies that promote the quality, access, inventory, definition, security, and Acceptable Use of Data across the University.


Employee See Clemson University Human Resources Glossary of Terms.


Endpoint Any device that connects to the Clemson network, and includes any desktop or laptop purchased by Clemson and issued to a user.


Information Data that is processed, organized, and structured. It provides context for the Data and enables decision making.


Information Security The protection of IT Resources from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction, with the goal of providing confidentiality, integrity, and availability.


Information Security Incident An occurrence that actually or potentially jeopardizes the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of an Information System or the Information the Information System processes, stores, or transmits or that constitutes a violation or imminent threat of violation of Information Security policies, Information Security procedures, or Acceptable Use policies.
Information System An integrated set of components, such as hardware and software, for collecting, storing, and processing Data and thereby providing Information.


Information System Owner Any person that is responsible for Information Security and overall operations of a specific University Information System.


Information Technology (“IT”) The use of Computing Devices and Computer Networks to create, process, store, retrieve and exchange electronic Data and Information.


IT Consultant Person(s) responsible for the support of Information Systems and services. Responsibilities include, but are not limited to, the implementation, configuration, maintenance, and decommissioning of Information Systems and services.


IT Credentials The combination of a User Account and password that controls access to Data, Information, Computing Devices, Computer Networks, or Information Systems. Two-factor controls are also a part of IT Credentials.


IT Resources Includes Computer Networks, Computing Devices, and Information Systems used to store, process, or transmit Information and/ or Data, and additionally includes all such Information and Data.


Office of Information Security (“OIS”) The University’s Information Security office that is responsible for coordinating the development and dissemination of Information Security policies, standards, and guidelines.


Principle of Least Privilege Concept that User Accounts are granted as few privileges as possible to IT Resources, and that access is based on roles and responsibilities.


User Individuals with electronic access to the University’s IT Resources. This includes employees, students, visitors, contractors, and others granted access to the IT Resources.


User Account An identity created for a User in a Computing Device for accessing IT Resources. Accounts contain a unique username or login ID and require a password or other IT Credentials to successfully authenticate.




HR Glossary of Terms: https://hr.app.clemson.edu/poly-proc/Glossary_of_Terms.pdf